Sultanpur Birds Sanctuary
Location: Sultanpur National Park & Bird Sanctuary is located in Haryana, 50 km from Delhi on the Gurgaon - Farukh Nagar Road. It was originally a marshy area where water accumulation would happen in rainy season. Due to water small insects and fishes used to populate these waters and it would attract birds of all types as food was available in plenty.Famous ornithologist Mr.Peter Jackson recommended to late Prime Minister Mrs.Indira Gandhi for protecting this area as permanent bird habitat. This lead to Sultanpur Jheel being declared a Bird Sanctuary in 1971 and was made given the status of National Park in 1991.
Birds: Approx 250 species of Birds are found at Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary. Some of them are resident, while others come from distant regions like Siberia, Europe and Afghanistan
Name of some of the resident birds: Common Hoopoe, Paddyfield Pipit, Purple Sunbird, Little Cormorant, Eurasian Thick-knee, Gray Francolin, Black Francolin, Indian Roller, White-throated Kingfisher, Spot billed Duck, Painted Stork, White Ibis, Black headed Ibis, Little Egret, Great Egret, Cattle Egret, India Crested Lark, Red vented Bulbul, Rose ringed Parakeet, Red wattled Lapwing, Shikra, Eurasian collared Dove, Red collared Dove, Laughing Dove, Spotted Owlet, Rock Pigeon, Magpie Robin, Greater Coucal, Weaver Bird, Bank Mynah, Common Mynah and Green Bee Eater.
Every year more than 100 migratory bird species arrive at Sultanpur in search of feeding grounds and to pass the winter. In winter Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary provides a picturesque panorama of migratory birds such as Siberian Cranes, Greater Flamingo, Ruff, Black winged Stilt, Common Teal, Common Greenshank, Northern Pintail, Yellow Wagtail, White Wagtail, Northern Shoveler, Rosy Pelican, Gadwall, Wood Sandpiper, Spotted Sandpiper, Eurasian Wigeon, Black tailed Godwit, Spotted Redshank, Starling, Bluethroat and Long billed Pipit. Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary has birds in summer too ,About 11 species of migratory birds such as Asian Koel, Black crowned Night Heron, Eurasian Golden Oriole, Comb duck, Blue cheeked Bee Eater, Blue-tailed Bee-Eater and Cuckoos come here.
Park Infrastructure: The park which was totally dependent on rain water has now water pumped from Yamuna to provide water round the year. Machans have been created and pathways have been constructed for easy access to the park of bird watchers and tourist. Toilets, and resort have been developed outside the park to provide facilities for visitors.